This procedure is done before doing almost all Ayurvedic procedures to protect body from temperature variations during the main treatment.
Thalam is the Keralite name for the ayurveda procedure of retaining medicines over the center of the head with the help of a hat or cap. It is considered to be a shorter and easier version of Shirolepa and in the ancient days it was a treatment prescribed for mental illness. Today is used as a mode of treatment for the conditions arising out of modern day life style diseases: Lack of memory, lack of willpower, lack of concentration, etc.
Special ayurvedic oils are mixed with herbal powders are maintained at the top of the head for about 20 to 45 minutes.
Thalam is usually performed before other external Ayurveda treatments and is considered to help with the take up of medicines in more prolonged therapies.