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Understanding the Vata dosha

Vata is the dominant dosha of the three and is the controlling dosha. So imbalances in Vata tend to result in imbalances in the others as well.

Vata is the most powerful and most impact-ridden among the three. It has capacity to remain in perturbed and unperturbed state and that too within and outside the body. It acquires various characteristics such as cold, light, clear, rainy, subtle and moving. Its five forms – prana, udana, samana, vyana, apana – are apt to change of location or direction. Vata does multiple unctions. Supports body parts and organs, causes up and down movements, regulates formation and integration of the constituents of the body, directs the mind, mediates the function of sense organs, stimulates touch and sound, powers speed, rouse up digestive power, causes joy, dries up doshas, cuts gross and fine channels of the body, guards lifespan, shapes the fetus, expels excreta; and many more.

Perturbed vata weakens or undermines longevity, well-being and strength, subdues sense organs, disturbs the mind, generates fear, sorrow, delusion and delirium, maims or kills fetus, snuff out vital breath and many more.

The functions of Vata within the body reflected in the universe as well. Unperturbed vata do manifold functions outside the body. Supports earth, ignites fire, generates clouds and rainfall, regulates the movement of sun, moon, stars and other celestial bodies, creates streams, divides the seasons, germinates flowers and fruits, enhances potency of seeds and plant-growth, dries up moisture and plays a vital role in all the natural reactions. Perturbed vata (vata is also known as air) causes havocs such as blowing up mountains, high tides, flooding, earthquake, thunder, uprooting of trees, sufferings to living creatures, crops’ failure, positives turn negatives, appearance and disappearance of creatures, happiness, misery, death and many more things.

A foolproof understanding of vata in both its forms, perturbed and unperturbed, to the physician is a vital tool to prevent, manage or counter many eventuality, Charaka asserted.

Vata types tend to be thin and usually don't easily put on weight. Consequently, vata types tend to store little energy and have few energy reserves.

The Vata dosha controls all movements in the body including breathing, digestion and nervous impulses from the brain.

The Vata dosha is the leading dosha.Vata usually goes out of balance first, which causes the early stage of the disease. Over fifty percent of all diseases are vata disorders.


Examples of Vata in the real world

  • Gazelle
  • Humming Bird
  • stars
  • bamboo
  • violin
  • sand
  • orchid
  • emu
  • hurricane

Mind & Body Characteristics of Vata Dosha

Controls movement, breathing, natural urges, tissue transformation, motor & sensory functions, secretions and excretions, fear, impulses, anxiety.

Keyword: Changeable

Governs: colon

Dominant Senses: sound and touch

Properties: cold, light, dry and rough

Composed of: air and space


Recognising Vataja

Hair: dry

Eyes: small and dark

Build: thin body frame, light muscles, long legs and arms

Skin: dry and rough

Nails: brittle

Voice: low, weak, talkative

Lips: thin and dry

Walking: quick and uneven


Important sites of Vatha

  • Large intestine
  • Pelvic regions
  • Thighs
  • Ears
  • Bones
  • Skin

Vata in Balance

When the Vata type is balanced they tend to be enthusiastic, alert, flexible, creative, talkative and responsive.


Vata out of Balance

restless, fatiqued, anxious and underweight.


Vata Aggravations

Vata types are aggravated by wind, caffeine, traveling, irregular routine, irregualr meals, cold and dry weather, excessive mental work.

They are pacified by moisture, warm, cooked foods, good sleep habits, regular mealtimes, time to relax


Vata Hobbies:

Travel, culture, comedy & anything out of the ordinary

Dreams: flying & falling

Sensitive to: music, sounds & touch

Money: spends too much money


Vata Seasons:

November - February


Vata Time

Vata Time is between 2 - 6 pm


Vata Diet

Food should be warm & cooked Avoid caffeine!!

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