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Dhatus in Ayurveda

Understanding Dhatus and their Importance

Dhatus are basic functional tissues of the body which cause body functions.

Dhatus are basic functional tissues of the body which cause body functions. The body is made of Dhatus and Malas. Dosha is a version of malas.

The co-existence of dhatus and malas in right proportion in the human body results in good health is called dhatusamya which is balance of dhatus.

Inappropriate proportion of dhatus and Malas causes dhatuvaisamya.

To keep the dhatusamya, it is necessary that malas should be in right proportion.

There are seven Dhatus as under:

  • Rasa (Plasma)
  • Raktha (Blood)
  • Mamsa (Muscle and Flesh)
  • Medas (Fat)
  • Asthi (Bone)
  • Majja (Bone marrow)
  • Sukla (Semen and Ovum)

Consequences of Imbalanced Dhatus

Dhatus are the structural makeup of the body. Each Dhatu is made from bhoota constituents (earth,fire,water,ether,wind). The fraction of bhoota suggests the structure of each dhatu. Physiology in formation of dhatu is also explained. The main source of the dhatu formation is from the food we eat. It is like the tributaries of a river that enrich the nearby fields,the rasa or chyle nourish each dhatu. That fraction of food similar in constitution with the dhatu enrich them. So it is recommended to have foods with all the different types of Bhoota.

It is very essential for the dhatus to be in a balanced state. Any imbalance in their normality can affect the health adversely. The line of treatment is to rectify the discrepancy. The treatment in muscle atrophy brihmana (nourishing) therapy and in hypertrophy is langhana.

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