Edakkal & Edakkal Caves
Information about Edakkal and the Edakkal Caves in Wayanad District of Kerala
Edakkal is located in Wayanad district of Kerala. It is famous for the pre-historic Edakkal Caves which are believed to have been formed around 8000 BC. The word ‘Edakkal’ means a stone in between. According to popular legends associated with Edakkal, the caves were formed at the point struck by the arrows fired by Lava and Kusha, the twin sons of Lord Rama.
The caves are on the Ambukuthi Mala at a height of 1000 meters. The big boulders are balanced on two relatively smaller boulders.
The caves are 1 Km from Edakkal; the carvings on the caves are fascinating and said to be 4000 years old, and displays pictures of ancient tribal chieftains, queens, elephants and tools. These caves also boast scripts from the 3rd- 4th century BC which are still in good shape. The place attracts many historians and archaeologist from around the world.
The mountains are ideal for trekking. The caves are a popular tourist attraction. The town is easily accessible.
The nearest airport is Karipur airport which is 23 Km away. The nearest railway station is Kozhikode.
Located on Ambukuthy hill near Ambalavayal. The caves( daily 9am to 5pm) still remain a mystery to the archaeologists. The carvings are of Neolithic Age and Mesolithic Age. The caves were discovered by the then Superintendent of Police of Malabar, Fred Fawcett. During a hunting trip to Ambukuthy mountain range in 1890 he noticed a Neolithic stone axe in a coffee estate. Curiosity led him to a rock-shelter on the 1001 ft high mountain and chanced upon drawings and the cave. The cave is on two levels and the drawings were in the second level. Scores of artists might have put in their ceaseless efforts months or years together to make the carvings realistic, thought to have been carved five thousand years ago. A human figure with headgear, a human figure on wheeled cart and some male and female figures are outstanding among 15 engravings on two walls. Images of a tribal king and queen, a deer and an elephant are also there to greet the visitors. The hilltop spares exciting views. Hillocks and green forests stick to the heart.