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Embryology & Anatomy

Embryology & Anatomy

The semen formation and menstrual secretion are contributed by man and woman respectively. Semen is considered as the natural extract of all dhatus which permeate the body tenuously. Male and female seeds united in the uterus contribute to the formation of an embryo. Such formation is possible only if the soul endowed the union of seeds by its presence through active mind route. The male and female seeds united in the embryo create two different lines of derivatives. The male derivative contributes to the birth of hair, nails, teeth, bones, nerves, tendons and semen. The female derivative creates skin, blood, flesh, intestines, heart, bone marrow and other soft parts. The gender takes place at the time of fertilization. The dominance of seeds (of male and female) determines the gender. Deformities could be attributed to the derivation of either male or female seed.

The formation and development of fetus from initial stage to final stage month-wise is detailed by Charaka. He took pain to detail out in length the sequence of organogenesis in his Samhita. Similar is the case in Garbhopanisad linked with Atharva Veda. Samhitas of Susurta, Bhela and Kasyapa are no different.

Medical science has divergent opinion on the sequence of organs’ development.

Charaka estimated 360 bones in a human body. This estimation is in peace with Atharva Veda but in conflict with Susruta Samhita which restrict the bones to 300. The modern anatomy restricts the bones to 200. The glaring variation is due to physicians of Indian medicines construing hard tissues such as teeth, cartilages and prominences of bones in the group of bones. The reason for Charaka’s estimation exceeding that of Susruta’s is due to the fact that Charaka took into account teeth sockets and nails into bones’ category. Charaka recorded 200 joints which were not mentioned by no-one else earlier.

The yeomen service of Indian medicine is the study of human skeleton based on cadaveric dissection which was glorified by the studies of Hoernele. The cadaveric dissection was undertaken by dismantled body decomposing in water. This method of soft tissue anatomy is hidden with defects, particularly in the matter of muscles. Though Charaka has listed heart and its location, no listing is made about its overall structure. Elaborate narration was made about body channels or say snatas using the terms dhamani, sira and srotas. He pin pointed ten dhamanis, which nestle the body, contributed by the heart and counts 200 dhamanis and 700 siras from brain, but no attempt was made to club the brain with sensory, consciousness, mental functions or mental disorders. He was well acquainted with all aspects of viscera, including functions and location.


More about Charaka & Ayurveda

  • Charaka Philosophy
  • Embryology & Anatomy
  • Blood Circulation
  • Digestion
  • Brain Function
  • Respiration
  • Happy Life Factors
  • Pharmacology
  • Ideal Physician
  • How Atharva Veda Mattered to Charaka
  • Grouping of Diseases
  • Panchabhuta & Their Effects
  • Doctrines & Concepts
  • Tridosha & Charaka
  • Doshasamya & Dhatusamya
  • Doshas of the Mind
  • Recognising Disturbed Doshas in Disorders
  • Body Constitution & Doshas
  • Impact of Rtucarya (Seasons)
  • Natural Urges
  • Charaka’s Evaluation of Panchakarma
  • Rejuvenation & Enhanced Virility (Rasayana & Vajikarana)
  • Preparation of Formulations
  • Medicinal Plants

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