Famous Manas in Kerala Guide
Guide to famous manas of Kerala
Nedumbilly Tharanallur Mana
The menfolk of the most of the Manas are experts in Tantric(vedic and astrology bound) rites. The menfolk of Tharananallur Mana (Illam) are always in the forefront for Tantric related matters.
After the creation of Kerala by Parasuraman he had constructed many temples in Kerala and was in search of competent Thantris for each temple. At this time he noticed a dazzling Brahmin on the opposite bank of Kaveri River and asked him to come to him on the opposite bank. The Brahmin reached Parasuraman by easily walking over the water. Impressed by the Yogic or otherwise powers of the Brahmin, Parasuraman conferred on him Tharananallur as his family name.
Tharananallur literally means one who walked over water.
Parasuraman decided he is the right man to carry out the Thantric rites and given him permission to do so. He further gifted the Brahmin a residence in Sasngamesapuri. Sangamesapuri was later known as Irinjalkuda of Thrissur district. Along with the residence he was given an authentic and sacred cadjan leaf manuscript. The Thantric system lettered in the cadjan leaf manuscript is practised by Thrananallur Thantris only. They perform it in ten temples of Vishnu in Kerala. Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple of Thiruvananthapuram is one of them.
Kaivatta (a vessel used for Sreebhootha Beli – a special rite) was also gifted by Parasuraman to the Brahmin. This Kaivatta is still in the possession of the Thanthris of the Tharananallur Mana. Parasuraman’s benevolence to the ancestor of this Illam (Mana) is amply recorded in authentic books.
When the partition took place in the Mana, the right of Thantram was vested on the male head of each family. Following this, four entities came into existance – Veluthedath Mana, Thekkiniyath Mana, Kidangassery Mana and Nedumbilly Mana. The partition conferred the right of Thantric rites in Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple of Thiruvananthapuram to Nedumbilly Tharananallur Mana. The Thantric rites at Irinjalakuda Sree Koodalmanikya Kshetrzm (temple), Evoor Sree Krishna temple, Neyyattinkara Sree Krishna Kshetram, Chelamattom Sree Krishna temple, Kondiyur Mahadeva temple, Thiruvizha Mahadeva temple, Sarkara Devi temple and Vadukkkumchery Kottikatkavu temple are performed by Nedumbilly Mana.
Payammel Sree Sathrugna temple and Thudupuzha Sree Krishna temple are owned and managed by Nedumbilly Mana.
Nedumbilly Tharananallur Mana was built during the time of Aayillam Thirunal Maharaja. The structure of the Mana is a fine example of Kerala architecture with beautiful engravings on the wood. This Mana attracts many foreigners. It stands amidst village beauty. To study and make research on Thantric books and manuscripts on leaves there is an institute called Sangama Grama Indological Research Centre. Many scholars and researchers come here for research and analysis on the holy documents.
An uncommon traditional custom prevails here. Before the male-folks leave the Mana for religious rites they seek the blessings from the elder women-folks. A teenaged boy once warranted to officiate senior members in their absence in a temple festival. He left the Illam with a Granthom (holy book) after obtaining his mother’s blessings and he could perform the rites as vividly as elders do. The Granthom and the blessings gave him enough knowledge and power to perform the rites. It is after this incident the male-folks continued to obtain the blessings from elder female-folks.
Sri Pradeep Namboodiripad, Sri Satheesan Namboodiripad and Sri Padmanabhan Namboodiripad lead the Thantric rites. Head of the Mana is Sri Pradeep Namboodiripad.
Address : Nedumbilly Tharananallur Mana, Kizhuthani, P O Thanisssery, Irinjalakuda,Thrissur 680 701.
Phone : 0480-2828830, 9447128830, 93490151216.
Pambummekkatt Mana :
Serpent worship is very common in Kerala. In many of the temples serpents have shrines. In many homes too serpents are worshipped. Pampummekkatt Mana in central Kerala is famous for snake worship and for getting snake-related problems solved. The tradition is centuries old.
The gate tower of the Mana is embedded with snake statues as a welcome posture. Normally the Manas are Nalukettu. But, the Mana here is Ettukettu – two Naluketts. There are five Kavus (abodes) of snakes (and snake gods). The sanctum sanctorum of Nagaraja (king of snakes) and Nagayakshi female devil of snakes) is in the Kizhakuni (eastern court) of a Nalukettu. There is no idol in the sanctum sanctorum. In its place there is all time burning oil-lamp. The Prasadam given to the devotees is the oil from the lamp. The oil Prasadam has the power to cure the diseases caused due to the curse of snakes.
Vrischikam 1st (November 17) is a great day here. Noorum Palum (food and milk) offering to the snakes is on this day. To participate in this auspicious ceremony, thousands throng, even from far way places.
There is a legend behind how Mekkatt Mana became Pampummekkatt Mana. Mekkatt Mana was facing acute poverty. To get some relief from the poverty the head of the family started praying at Thiruvanchikulam temple. He stayed there and continued his pray. On the completion of 12 years of pray one day he went to the temple pond to fetch some water where he s aw a man with extra-ordinary body structure, looking like a divine power, standing near the pond. He asked him of his identity. The stranger replied in a vague manner. The Namboodiri however realised that he is a divine power and requested him to give the precise stone ring he is wearing to show to his friend and guide Kodungallur Thampuran. The ring so given to the Namboodiri was returned and immediately on receiving it back the man disappeared. As the identity of the man was still a mystery, the Namboodiri’s mind was unsettled.
Next day as usual Namboodiri went for his early morning bath in the temple pond when he saw the mystery man again. He bowed down at his feet and requested to divulge his identity. The man said, I am Vasuki (Vasuki is serpent god as per Hindu mythology). Namboodiri thereupon requested him to prove it. Vasuki squeezed himself to a ring similar to the one Lord Parameswaran wore in his finger. Seeing this Namboodiri fainted and when returned to his original sense Vasuki asked him what sort of blessings he wants. Namboodiri said he wishes that Vasuki be present in his Illam (Mana) to have them prosperity. Vasuki agreed and disappeared.
The relieved Namboodiri returned to his Illom soon. He placed his palm-leaf umbrella in the eastern court of the Nalukettu and went for bath. When he came back to take the umbrella a snake was there on the umbrella to greet him. The snake came down and took the form of a divine man and said, I am Vasuki and added a Nagayakshi will soon be present in the Illam. At this moment the eldest Antharjanam (Antharjanam denotes Brahmin lady) of the Mana came on the scene. She put her palm-leaf umbrella (in the past, Brahmin ladies, as a custom, used to hold palm-leaf umbrellas, to cover up their face, which are unfoldable, while moving out their Illams) in the portico before stepping into the home. Soon a snake appeared on this umbrella and moved to the eastern court of the Nalukettu. On reaching the eastern court the snake manifested into a beautiful lady and took position near Vasuki. Both of them ordered Namboodiri to install them in the as idols at the place where they stand and consider them as their family deities. Saying this much, they disappeared. Namboodiri strictly did what they said and continued daily rituals to appease them. After this incident Mekkatt Mana came to be known as Pampumekkatt Mana.
Poverty vanished. Prosperity and glory of the Mana began sky-rocketing.
Pampummekkatt Mana is in the forefront of snake related Thantric rituals and they do the rituals at many snake god centers, including famous Nagarcoil temple in Tamil Nadu.
Besides Noorum Palum, the other main offering to the serpent gods is Kadali Pazham (Kadali plantain).
In the centre court of the Mana there is shrine of Bhadrakali.
Vasiyedam temple at Puthenchira, Sarangapani Sree Krishna temple and Kunnathunadu Mahadeva temple are owned and managed by Pampummekkatt Mana.
P S Jadhadevan Namboodiri is the present head of the Mana.
Address : Pampummekkatt Mana, P O Vadama, Mala, Thrissur 680 736.
Phone : 0480-2890453, 2890473, 2899495.
Pulamnthole Mana :
Pulamanthole Mana is very famous for Ayurveda treatment based on Ashtavaida, a wing of Ayurveda science. Many of the patients come here as they tasted no success in the treatment elsewhere and return fully cured. Pulamnathole Mana is widely known as a curable place for incurables. The Mana belongs to Mooss family.
This family has its own temple which is very famous – Pulamanthole Sree Rudra Dhanwanthari Temple. And this temple has a colourful history. The Maharaja of Travancore was inflicted by a severe stomach pain. The treatment given by many famed physicians gave no relief. As an ultimate source for cure, the King sent messengers to Pulamnthole Mana. When the message for treatment received, only a lady and his young son were in the Mana. Upanayanam (a hereditary ceremony before initiating to the ancient science of Ayurveda in ancient families) was not yet done by the boy. The mother and son were upset as to what to do. The mother told the messengers that his son will come after completing 12 days Bhajana (prayer) in their family temple and advised the son to start the Bhajana. A Sanyasi (monk) appeared before the boy on the 12th day of Bhajana and gave 3 tablets and assured him that these tablets will cure the King. The monk further added that he should not accept any of the gifts offered by the King. Instead, request the King to allow to take the idol of Dhanwanthari lying in the Tamarapani River and install the same at the left side of the idol of Shiva in their own temple and build a shrine for it, the Sanyasi added. The King was cured by the treatment of the boy. The pleased King agreed to the request of the boy and the idol was brought and installed. The Sanyasi was actually Lord Shiva who took the form of Sanyasi.
Karnatic Music Emperor, Sri Chembai Vaidynatha Bhagawathar was once severelly hit by paralysis. He tried many physicians from many fields, but proved futile. As a last resort he approached Pulamanthole Mooss and he was cured. The Nadapatha (sheltered pathway) of the temple was built by the Bhagawathar in reciprocation to the Mooss.
There are only few Ashtavaidya families in Kerala. Pulamanthole Mana has a prestigious position among them.
Head of the Mana is Sankaran Mooss.
Address : Pulamanthole Mana, Pulamanthole, Malappuram 679323.
Phone : 04933-267218, 267506.
Surya Kalady Mana :
Surya Kalady Mana is ancient as Lord Parasuraman era. The ancestors of Surya Kalady Mana were brought by Parasuraman. The history says that Parasuraman brought the Brahmins from outside to Kerala for entrusting them certain responsibilities. He entrusted them mainly the duties of Priesthood, and Medical treatment. Surya Kalady Mana was entrusted with the responsibility of conducting Thantric rites.
The Mana has produced a number of eminent personalities, some of them in literary works. The famous literary works – Ithihyamala , Kerala Sahitya Charitham and Surya Kalady which have found inroads to Magazines, Cinema, Television etc are the products of Surya Kalady Mana.
Many eminent personalities have visited the Mana to compliment them for the great service they do in the field of literature and other fields highly beneficial to the mankind and to see the Mana and its possessions. Late Jayaprakash Narayan, the founder of Bharatheeya Vidya Bhavan, an eminent educational institution spreaded throughout India, ex-Vice President of India, Sri K M Munshi and Maharashi Mahesh Yogi are some among them. The list of visitors is really big. All the visitors return with some new knowledge or experience which can cherish althrough.
The Head of the Mana is Suryan Subramanyan Bhatathiripad.
Address: Surya Kalady Mana, Nattassery, Kottayam 686006.
Phone: 04812312089, 09447223569.
Tharayil Kuzhikkat Mana :
The father of Kerala, Parasuraman, had taught Thantric skills to 12 Manas. Kuzhikkat Mana is one of them.
Kuzhikkat Mana was originally in Malabar. The instsallation of the idol at Sree Vallabh temple of Thiruvalla was done by this Mana. Following the installation by the elders in the Mana they settled in Thiruvalla.
The installed idols at Madaikavu temple and 140 other temples by one time head of the Mana, Brahmasree Maheswaran Bhatathiripad were razed by Tipu. Maheswaran Bhatathiripad was well-versed not only in Thantric rites but also in Astrology. ‘Golamkettaka’ was an instrument invented by him which helps study the movements of planets and make accurate predictions.
In more than 800 shrines in and out of Kerala the consecration ceremony has been carried out by members of the Mana.
The Mana has their own shrine, close to the Mana, where the deity is Bhadrakali. Yakshi is a sub-deity. Chathan is worshipped in the Nalukettu of the Mana. “Theeyattu” is the important offering in the temple. For Yakshi ‘Vana Nivedyam’ is the offering given.
Head of the Mana is Thantri Akkeeraman Kalidasan Bhatathiriprad. Address : Kuzhikkat Mana, Thukalassery, Thiruvella 689 101. Phone : 0469-2604441, 2631817, 3090524, 9847142852.
Thuruthy Puthumana Illam :
Vaidyamadom is a great Ashtavaidya family. This is the only family in Kerala which belongs to Bharadwajeeya group. This family was brought over here by the renowned Mezhatole Agnihotri who is credited with conducting about 100 Soma Yagas (Soma Yaga is a spiritual and Vedic ritual participated by scores of Thantries and prolonging to several days non-stop ceremonies conducted for the welfare of the mankind in which only highly learned Thantries are eligible to participate). In Soma Yagas the Vaidyamadom family is honoured as Sala Vaidya. Sala Vaidya is a highly honoured status whose responsibility is mainly to upkeep the health of Yaga participants apart from performing Thantric rites in the Yaga.
Among Ashtavaidya families, Vaidyamadom has a crowning position. They are born Ashtavaidyars. Their family-name, Vaidyamadom, itself is born out of Vaidya (treatment). Madom denotes centre or abode. Where there areYagas the members of Vaidyamadom are there as they have super knowledge in this specific and intricated field. There are different types of Yagas, all aimed at the well-being of the mankind, all of which require the services of scrores of Yaga-learned Thantries and scrores of days and is a non-stop process. Vaidyamadom imparts knowledge of Vedas to the interested and many have come out from here as Vedic experts.
Lord Dhakshinamoorthy (Lord Shiva in meditation) is the family deity of the Vaidyamadom. They start the day only after the prayers and worshipping of the family god.
There are so many stories which gained ground about the extra-ordinary skills of the Physicians of the family and their ability to turn the impossibles to possibles. Just one example cited here. A woman in the ancient ruling family was in delivery pains. The pain prolonged to an unusual length. The worried family tried out many Physicians in quick succession but for no avail. Incidentally, a member of Vaidyamadom happened to be there at that painful moment. He requested the King (the husband of the pain-eating pregnant lady) that he may please be permitted to try his hand. The King consented. He then plucked some herbal leaves from the Palace courtyard and made them paste by squeezing with fingers. He prepared two types of pastes and applied each on each side of a small wooden board. Then the attending Aya (mid-wife) was instructed to expose one side of the board to the vagina of the queen. Few minutes later the queen delivered a male baby. Immediately on delivery the Aya was directed to reverse the board and expose it to the vagina to forbid the womb and other internal organs coming out which may cause death. Nothing untoward happened. The excited King named the new born “Pareekshith” (experiment). This incident alone amplifies the skill of Vaidyamadom in Ayurveda sceience.
The list of dignitaries who experienced the skill of Vaidyamadom is bulging day by day. Eminent foreign nationals, political leaders, corporate bigwigs, civil and foreign administrative stalwarts are some among them. State of the art facilities are there for rejuvenation or treatment. The present head of the family has wrapped the Vaidyasala (treatment centre) in modern outfit.
Head : Ashtavaidyan Vaidyamadom Cheriya Narayanan Namboodiri, Mezhathur, Thrithala, Palakkad 679 534. Phone : 0466-2272044, 2272255.
Vezhamparambu Mana :
Centuries back Paravoor King invited two Brahmin twins from Puliyannur in Kannur district and entrusted Thantric charge of Peruvaram Mahadeva temple. The Paravoor King and the King of Alangot were not in good terms. Alangot King employed all the methods at his command to destroy Paravoor King but proved no use. At last he resorted to invoking an evil force “Krithika” was sent to Paravoor King to finish him. The Brahmin twins had an intuition of what was going to happen and they forced by their Thantric power Krithik to return. The place where the twins confronted the evil force is known as Perumkulangarakavu.
The King of Cochin invited one of the twins to Thripunithura to take charge of the Thantric rites of Thripunithura Poornathrayeesha temple. The younger of the twins went to Thripunithura and settled there and his Mana came to be known as Thripunithura Puliyannur Illam.
The elder of the twins settled in Karumaloor, near Paravoor and his Mana came to be known as Vezhamparambu Mana. Vezhamparabu Mana is highly famous for Thantric rites, Vasthu Sastra (ancient science of architecture which is still prevalent in Kerala), architecture and astrology. The Thantric rites’ right of almost all temples in Paravoor region, barring few, is vested on Vezhamparambu Mana. The Mana has a number of feats to its credit. Bringing rain during drought through Yaga and entering into talks with evil spririts, including Yemen (Yemen is one who snatches away the life from the body, according to Hindu mythology) are few among them.
The front region of the Mana is known as Manakpadi (the gate of Mana). The Mana is located in a large compound, having few temples, snake shrines, temple ponds, centuries old giant trees and the like. Stepping into this Mana gives a special effect to the mind and a leisure walk in the large comnpound and the corridors of the structures of the Mana uncovers a lively and lovely experience.
A member of the Mana once confronted Yemen and his company when he understood that his life would be ended within the period of a Mandalam (41 days). The Yemen advised him to construct a Vishnu temple within 41 days to get relieved of his sins. He constructed the temple within the stipulated time.
The Mana has a large library of Palm-leaf scriptures containing Thantric science, Ayurveda science and other ancient sciences and ancient literature and details of numerous art forms.
Recently died Brahmasree Parameswaran Namboodiripad was a towering personality who led the Mana to a greater glory. He was instrument for architecture reforms and Thantric updating in over 500 temples. Kollur Mookambika temple, Northern Guruvayoor temple at Delhi, Thaliparambu Rajarajeswara temple, Kadambuzha Bhagawathy temple, Siddhaputhoor Ayyappa temple, Thirumanthamkunnu Bhagawathy temple and Chottanikkara Bhagawathy temple include in them. The present torch bearer of the Mana is V P Narayanan Namboodiripad who assiduously keeps up the tradition in all fields for which the Mana is f amous from centuries back.
Head of the Mana : V P Narayanan Namboodiripad, Vezhamparambu Mana, Manakkapadi, Karumalloor P O, Paravoor, Ernakulam 683 511. Phone : 0484-2670067.
Kondamarugu Mana :
The legend says that the ancient heads of Kondamarugu Mana and Changazhasseri Illam and the head Marar of Kuduk Tharavad (family) ventured out on a pilgrimage. When they reached Ambika Vanam of Kudajadri the Namboodiri of Kondamarugu Illam prayed to Mookambika Devi for the welfare of his region. When the Namboodiri returned home he felt the presence of Mookambika Devi. The Mana constructed a temple and installed the idol of Devi and started worshipping. Rakthachamundi, Rakteswari, Sreevidya, Bhairavan, Yakshi, Chathan and Serpent are sub-deites here. There is a Satrugna Swami shrine near the temple.
The Namboodiri of the Mana conduct Tantric rites in the presence of Porkala Devi. The number of people coming to this Mana for the solutions of their hurting problems is swelling day by day. All the visitors return home with pleasant mood.
The head of the Mana is Neelakandan Namboodiri. Address : Kondamarugu Mana, Methiri P O, Ramapuram, Kottayam 686 576 . Phone : 0482-2260183, 2260473, 2261784.