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A guide to the town of Kottayam and the surrounding area...

paddy fields

Kottayam is 76 km south east of Kochi (Cochin). A prominent commercial centre with palm fringed backwaters on the west and scenic western ghats on the east. Several ancient religious shrines of different communities – Hindu, Christian, Muslim – exist in close proximity. Glorious tradition of religious tolerance.

Kottayam also holds the credit of being the first 100% literate district of Kerala. It is a Place of Land, Lake, Latex and Letters.15 kms to Kumarakom.


Tourist Office: DTPC, Boat Jetty, Kottayam.

Getting There

Air : Nedumbassery airport. Distance 106 km

Rail : Kottayam Junction. Trains from all centres in India. Distance 3 km.

Road : KSRTC Bus station at Kottayam. Buses from all important centres in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Water : Boats from Kumarakom, Alappuzha and Changanacherry.

Area: 2203 sq. km Population: 18,20,000 Altitude: Sea Level

Kottayam town: 76 km south-east of Kochi.

(1) Prominent commercial centre.

(2) Thirunakkara Shiva Temple. Its Kootambalam (temple theatre) is one of the best in Kerala.

(3) St Mary’s Church (Cheriapally). It has exquisite murals and has paintings on Biblical and non-biblical themes which are excellent.

(4) Caritas Ayurvedic Hospital.

(5) Dhanwanthari Ayurvedic Centre.

(6) Sukhodaya Ayurveda Hospital.

(7) Dhanwanthari Vaidyasala & Treatment Centre.

(9) Brahmasree Puliyanoor Vishnu Namboodiri (Astrologer).

(10) P S Manojkumar, Thirunakkara (Astrologer).

Kumarakom: Not far away from Kottayam town.

(1) Backwater village. Abundant facilities for boat cruise and houseboat stay.

(2) Bird Sanctuary on the eastern banks of Vembanad Lake.

(3) Bay Island and Driftwood Museum. Near boat jetty.

Kumanalloor:

4 km from Kottayam town. Bhagawathy Temple. Festival in November/December.

Ramapurm:

Near Kottayam. Kodumarugu Mana.

Mannanam: 8 km west of Kottayam town. St Joseph Church. Important Christian Pilgrim Centre. Main Feast on 3rd Sunday after Easter.

Panachikkadu:

11 km from Kottayam. Saraswathy Temple.

Vadavathoor: Near Kottayam. K K Sadanandan (Astrologer).

Kudamaloor: Near Kottayam. Kudamaloor Sarma (Astrologer).

Bharananganam:

Near Kottayam town. Famous Christian Pilgrim Centre.

Ettumannor: 12 km north of Kottayam. Shiva Temple. 10 days festival in February/March.

Thazhathangadi: On the banks of Meenachil River. Beautiful Mosque made of teak.

Iravimangalam: Some distance from Kottayam town. Adityapuram Suryadeva Temple.

Thiruvalla: Near Kottayam. Thiruvalla Temple. Festival in April/May.

Meenachil: Few km from Kottayam.

(1) St Mary’s Knanaya Church. Main Feast on April 24.

(2) St Mary’s Orthodox Church.

Thirukodithanam: 18 km east of Kottayam, near Changanassery. Thirukodithanam Temple. Festival in November/December.

Changanassery:

28 km from Kottayam. Small town. Trade centre.

(1) Amba Ayurveda Vaidyasala.

(2) Sree Sankara Ayurveda Ayurveda Vaidyasala.

(3) Sree Sankara Community Ltd.

(4) N Vijayakumar (Astrologer).

(5) Maheshwaran Namboodiri (Astrologer).

(6) Thuruthy Puthumana Illam (Mana)

Kanirapilly: East of Changanassery. Plantation town. Aristroct Chris;tian families. Decent Churches.

Mundakkayam: Near Kanjirapilly. Rubber plantations galore.

Kurumullur: Distanced from Kottayam. Kurumullur Balan (Astrologer).

Kallara: Distanced from Kottayam. Kallara Unnikrishnan Namboodiri (Astrologer).

Vaikom: 40 km from Kottayam.

(1) Historical. Mahatma Gandhi undertook Satyagraha.

(2) Jyothishacharya Dr Enachi Mohanan (Astrologer).

Vaikom Road: Some distance from Vaikom. Railway Station.

Thalayolaparambu: 27 km from Vaikom. Small plantation town.

Thuruthy: Near Changanassery. Mahaganapathy Devasthanam.

Chambakkara: Distance frim Kottyam. Sree Rangam CVN Kalari Chikilsakendram.

Chengannur: Near Kottayam. Chengannur Temple.

Aranmula: Near Chengannur.

(1) Aranmula Temple. Festival in December/January.

(2) Aranmula Vallamkali (boat race) during Onam in September/October.

Kappad: 5 km from Kanjirapilly junction. St Thomas Benedictine Monastery.

Pala: East of Changanassery.16 km from Ettumanoor. Plantation town. Wealthy Christian families. St Thomas Cathedral.

Kuruvilangad: 10 km north of Ettumannoor. St Mary’s Forane Church.

Facts & Profile (Kottayam District)

Barefacts

Area (sq km)  :2208

Population :1953646

Males  :964926

Females  :988720

Sex ratio: Females/1000 :1025

Density of population  :885

Per capita income (Rs)  :21871

Literacy rate  :95.82%; Male 97.34%; Female 94.35%

Coastal lines  :Nil

Water bodied area (ha)  :7442

Forest area (ha)  :8141

Assembly Constituencies

Kanjirapally, .Vazhoor, Changanassery, Kottayam, Etttumanoor, Poonjar, Pala, Puthupally, Kadathuruthy, Vaikom

Revenue Taluks

Taluks :Kottayam, Changanasseri, Vaikom, Meenachil, Kanjirapalli

Head Quarters :'Kottayam, Changanasseri, Vaikom, pala, Kanjirapalli

No of Villages:95


Rainfall (mm)

Jan :23.9

Feb :23.8

Mar :44.0

Apr :136.8

May :314.1

June:649.6

July:598.2

Aug :382.4

Sept:279.5

Oct :306.1

Nov :189.6

Dec :55.8
Livestock Population

Cow :172197, Buffalo :3412,Goat: 117374, Sheep : Nil, Pig :19423

Major Agriculture Products

Products------------Cultivated area (ha)--------------Production in tonne

Rice---------------------12264-----------------------------30884

Pepper-------------------9245------------------------------1436

Ginger-------------------211-------------------------------619 (cured)

Cardamom-----------------200-------------------------------24 (processed)

Tapioca------------------7426------------------------------224130

Coconut------------------41424-----------------------------213 million

Arecanut-----------------1767------------------------------226

Rubber-------------------111776----------------------------143244

Local Self-Government

District Panchayat : 1

Block Panchayat : 11

Grama Panchayat : 74

Educational Institutions (Schools)

Lower Primary School

Govt : 169, Aided : 267, Unaided :21

Total : 457

Upper Primary School

Govt : 67, Aided : 128, Unaided :8

Total : 203

High School

Govt : 59, Aided : 166, Unaided :16

Total : 241

Higher Secondary School

Govt : 29, Aided : 60, Unaided :23

Total : 112


Vocational HSS

Govt : 21, Aided : 10, Unaided :Nil

Total : 31

Arts & Science Colleges

Govt :1, Private : 20

Total : 21

Professional Colleges

Engineering College:8

Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology :1

Medical College:3

Homeopathy College :1

Law College :1

Polytechnic: 3

ITI :2

ITC :19

TTI :2

Training College :5

Health (Hospitals)

Ayurveda_Hospitals: 90. Beds :4317

Ayurveda Hospital : 50. Beds : 150

Homeopathy Hospital : 47. Beds : 175

Regd wording Factories

No of working factories : 1297

No of SSI Units : 27741

Roads (km)

State Highways :378.000.

Major Dist. Roads: 1643.577

Other Dist. Roads : 135.686

Village Roads : 16.158

Total : 2173.427

Regd Vehicles (2003)

Goods Vehicle : 14636, Bus :7136, Car: 35345, Taxi:7051, Jeeps :10965, Auto:26515, 2-Wheeler :108202, Others :2505.

Total : 212396

Communication

No of Post Offices :411

No of Telephone Exchanges :93

Maps

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