More Villages In Ernakulam
A quick round up of the other minor places in Cochin district.
Odakkali village is located at 27 km from Aluva. The main access is from Aluva-Munnar Road.
Odakkali is an herbal village of universal interest.
The Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station (AMPRS) of Kerala Agricultural University has located in the village. In the field of aromatic technology the Research Station has renowned position and many countries log on to the Station.
When established in 1951 it was Lemongrass Breeding Station under the Department of Agriculture of the erstwhile Travancore-Cochin government. In 1982 the Station was brought under Kerala Agriculture University and re-christianed to Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station with wider objectives.
United Nations Nations Development Organization directed entrepreneurs from all over the world log on to AMPRS for advice on research and the development needs on lemongrass.
The Station is now a leading source for research on aromatic plants. The scientists of the Station are credited with identifying two herbs rich in geranyl acetate without foul smell. These two herbs detected in the hills of Munnar in Idukki district and in Thathamangalam, near Palakkad. The Station has awarded two technical names to the finds. OD 468 (OD is indicative of Odakkali) to Munnar find and OD 455 for Thathamangalam find. There is better herbage yield t from these finds. Hydro-distillation of the leaf yields 0.4 percentage of the essential oil. The yield of geranyl acetate is to the extent of 79.8 per cent.
The creation of a hybrid variety of lemongrass with high yield and top quality named ‘Sugandhi’, code named OD19, is yet another feather on the cap of AMPRS. This variety is amiable to almost all climatic conditions ranging from hot, humid to sub-tropical conditions.
The Station possesses 450 varieties of lemongrass both of Indian and foreign origins.
A Regional Analytical Laboratory for aromatic plants and medicinal plants also functions here.
An herbal garden with 350 varieties of medicinal plants is motherly maintained by the Station.
The activities of the Station have spanned to supplying genuine plants to the benefit of indigenous systems of medicines, conserving and propagating of endangered species and demonstrating and educating in addition to serving as a reference centre.
A nursery for planting materials is also maintained for the benefit of cultivators. There is great demand for the nursery items from all over India.
World Seeds Catalogue of the FAO has accommodated the Research Station in it.
Pancode is an agrarian village advanced in education. Its own educational institutions are sufficient to meet the education of its children up to High School level. For higher education the village depends nearby places.
Majority of the population consists of Hindus. Second position is enjoyed by Christians. Christians have two shrines – St George’s Church and St Gregorious Church. St George’s Church is very famous.
Hindus have more than two shrines.
The village is located at 27 km from Ernakulam city as near to Cherai Beach, the distance being 4 km only.
Once, the village was famous for coir making. The village lost its prominent stake in coir making after 1990 as the workers moved on to more remunerative jobs. The coir making is now only for name sake.
In contrast to other villages or places in Kerala the people of Vavakkad assemble every evening in a library named Gurudeva Memorial Library and engage into discussions and debates on current public interested topics.
Gurudeva Memorial Library established in 1954 has served the village as a knowledge bank ever since its inception. The library is named after Sree Narayana Guru (Gurudeva is the short form of the name), the social reformer of Kerala in the bygone period.
There is a government run Lower Primary School. For education above lower primary the villages depends on nearby places. On health front there is a government Ayurveda Dispensary.
Majority of the population is Hindus. Christians rank second.
The village is located in eastern range of the district with a distance of 7 km from Kothamangalam, the capital of erstwhile Chera Kings.
The village has many historical spots of immense interest. Cheramala – the summer palace of erstwhile Chera Kings, Kalappara – the ground of sword fighting of Kings and Ayyappa Mudi – hill top temple, count among them as forerunners.
St Thomas, the Apostle, has visited the village while going to Madura.
The population of the village is mostly Christians. Hindus rank second and Muslims third.
The famous Trikkariyur temple is nearby within a distance of 5 km.
Kizhakkambalam is near Ernakulam and is a satellite town of Kochi city. With factories and offices of Kitex (makers of lungis (multi-colour dhotis in designs), dhotis, shirts etc), Anna Aluminium (makers of aluminium utensils), Sara Spices (makers of spice products) and the famous amusement park Veegaland. Kizhakamblam is an industrially developed village. The face of the village will be further changed with shortly upcoming Smart City, an IT hub, with employment opportunity for about one lakh (0.1 million) educated in the nearby village Kakkanad.
The educational institutions in the village are in par with its need.
In population the first rank goes to Christians followed by Hindus and Muslins as second and third.
The village is very close to Angamali town on NH 47. The natural beauty embedded village is situated on the canal branch of Chalakudy River.
The village is predominantly inhabited by Hindus and particularly Nair community. The Nair community has more than 400 families.
Here there is a Bhagawathi temple popularly known as Kothakulangara Bhagawathi temple. The auditorium of the temple is a great relief to the Sabarimala pilgrims for they can use it for relaxation free of cost. The temple is en-route to Sabarimala.
To meet the educational requirement of the village there is a school and for the health attendance there is hospital with modern facilities.
Koottukad is a small village located 30 km away from Ernakulam and 8 km away from the famous Cherai Beach.
The village has large green plain expanses.
Christian population is in majority here. Hindu population ranks second.
Koottukad houses famous Little Flower Church.
The famous place Chennamangalam, the home land of Paliath Achans is just 11 km from this place. Paliam Palace, the residence of Paliath Achans who were the hereditary Prime Ministers to the Maharajas of Kochi, former rulers, is a masterpiece of architecture. The 450 years old Palace keeps large collection of historic documents and relics.
A Lower Primary School – Santacruz L P School – aged of 85 years, has helped mould the life of many.
Mambra is a small village at the north end of the district bordering Thrissur district.
The village located on the shores of Chalakudy Puzha is totally agrarian. The green blanketed village looks highly beautiful.
Kochi International Airport at Nedumbassery is just 10 km away while the nearest railway station Koratty is only 4 km away. Nearest town is Angamaly in 7 km distance.
The village has a higher secondary school to claim as its own.
The village is located near Kalady in 7 km apart. Other nearest town is Angamaly having a distance of 9 km. The famous Christian Pilgrimage Centre, Malayattoor, is just 10 km away.
The village’s commercial centers are Chandrapura and Vadakumbhagam.
It is an agrarian village producing paddy and banana mainly.
The population is shared by Christians and Hindus more or less in equal proportion.
The village has education facilities up to high school level. On health front adequate facilities exist.
A small village, Neeleeswaram is located on the way to Malayattoor.
The nature gifted village is replete with serene beauty. Periyar snaking through the south side of the village is a feather on the village.
Once, the village was haven for a bird named Neeli. The name Neeleeswaram is conceived from this bird. Swaram in Malayalam means voice. The Neeli bird had a musical sweet voice. In essence, Neeleeswaram means voice of Neeli the bird.
Pallipetta junction marks the east boundary of the village where a small stream flows to join Periyar. By the side of this stream a stone pillar with inscription ‘Ko’ on one side and ‘Thi’ in opposite side can be noticed. This is a boundary demarcating stone. “Ko’ inscription indicates Kochi and “Thi’ indicates Thiruvithamcore (Travancore) – two different erstwhile princely States. For the sake of convenience the locals call the pillar Kothi Kallu (Kothi stone).
The dominant communities of the village – Christians and Hindus – lead a mingling life as anywhere else in Kerala.
The village has education facilities up to middle level. For healthcare it has satisfactory arrangements.
Pachalam is close to Ernakulam city. It is a densely populated residential area.
Top graded schools, multi-line shops, churches and hospitals have found their way here. Among hospitals, include Lourde’s Hospital, one of the majors in the city.
Anglo-Indian community ranks first in population here.
Palarivattom is located close to Ernakulam city. The place is a big commercial-cum-residential area. Many high-rise apartments hang below the sky here.
A Road connecting Ernakulam to Kakkanad, the nerve centre of District Administration, cut through Palarivattom. The distance to Kakkanad is just 5 km.
The first Malayalam News Channel, ‘Indiavision’, uplinks its news bulletins from here.
All leading banks have tented ATMs in Palarivattom.
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium is close-by.
Hariharasudha Ayyappa Temple of Palarivattom is considered as the guardian of the inhabitants. The inhabitants consist of all religious denominations.
Palluruthy is within Ernakulam city limit.
Residential-cum-commercial area, Palluruthy is famed for lotus ponds and temples. Among temples, Azhakiyakavu Bhagwathi Temple and Sree Buvaneswara Temple count prominent.
Palluruthy has all the paraphernalia of a developed city.
Take the count of banyan trees and grounds for public use, no other place can beat Palluruthy.
A bar in Palluruthy is very famous for sea food, river food and non-veg food dishes. Name it and get it to the mouth watering.
Palluruthy is the only place in Kerala where one can get parcels of liquors even in any odd hours. Right contact is a must for it.
Piravom is located 38 km south-east of Ernakulam city. It is an agrarian village having attained the status of a town.
Historic churches and temples make Piravom distinct from other places. With beautiful river front, paddy fields and verdant hills Piravom presents amazing look.
Most of the inhabitants are Christians and Hindus.
Well planned education and healthcare facilities exist.
Chellanam is a narrow landscape with about 10 km length started from the southern end of Beach Road, near Thopumpadiy, Kochi.
The main occupation of the village is fishing. Agriculture plays a secondary role.
Ninety percent of the population is dominated by Christians and the rest by Hindus.
Being close to Kochi city, the village has all the modern life necessities. In education and healthcare facilities it is in forefront.
Christians, mostly of Latin rite sect, maintains a fine network of shrines. St George Church, Xavier Desh Church, St Francis Church and St Sebastian Church are more than enough to meet the religious urges. A Convent of Missionaries of Charity too functions here.
The ancestors of Chellanam were the inventors of “Chavittu Natakam’, a variety form of drama, which is still enlivens in the blood of Chellanamites.
Edapally is a satellite town of Ernakulam city and gateway to the city.
South end of NH 17 merges with NH 47 in Edapally. Kochi bye-pass begins from here and ends at Aroor, an industrial township in Alappuzha district.
Edapally is a surging trade-cum-commercial-cum-residential pocket packed with heritage back ups.
Home of Amrita Institute of Medical Science and Medical College, a reputed entity in the medical science, Edapally is also home to famous St George’s Church the annual feast of it is an epoch making event.
Museum of Kerala History and Sculpture established here revives the slept memories of Kerala in hundreds of enthusiasts every day.
With ultra modern facilities for education, healthcare and culture Edapally is a role model.
Population-wise Hindus have an upper-hand followed by Christians and Muslims.
Trickovil Sree Krishna Temple, Perandoor Temple and Thrikkara Temple nearby serve Hindus, St Georges Church serves Christians and Edapally Mosque, 1000-year old veteran, serves Muslims.
A recent era celebrity poets Changanpuzha Krishna Pillai and Edapally Raghavan Pillai were Edapally natives.
A present day celebrity poet-cum-actor Balachandran Chullikad has made Edapally his home turf.
Edavanakad is a coastal village in Vypin Island sandwiched between Kochi city and Cherai Beach.
Edavanakad is the only place in India which has built and nursed a church named St Ambrose Church to uphold the divinity of St Ambrose.
Between Hindus, Christians and Muslims, the lion’s share of population is held by Hindus. The second slot is held by Christians.
All the religions have their own shrines.
In education and healthcare fronts, the village has excellent facilities.
The village sunk in beauty of nature is tourist-prone.
The main occupation of the village is fish catch of both marine and fresh water born. Agriculture occupies second position in occupation.
Located 17 km north of Ernakulam city, Eloor is the largest industrial belt in Kerala where hundreds of small to large scale units function.
With a number of educational and healthcare institutions Eloor is much developed and advanced.
In the mix-up of Hindu, Christian and Muslim religions, Hindus rank front position followed by Christians and Muslims.
All the plus points of Eloor unfortunately sink in two-winged air and water pollution.
Kalamassery is located 14 km north of Ernakulam city.
NH 47 surges through Kalamassery.
A designated industrial area, Kalamassery is fast losing out its title to educational giants. The Kochi University, a center of excellence, Kochi Co-operative Medical College and Hospital, St Paul’s College, Government Polytechnic, Government ITI, Rajagiri School of Management, Najath Public School, St Joseph School, Udyogamandal School and Government Institute of Cookery and many more flourish in the soil of Kalamassery. Almost all these institutions are centres of excellence and sought after for seats.
In the three-cast religious set up, Christians hold upper hand followed by Hindus and Muslims.
Kandanad is a small village with scenic splendor fortified with backwaters and river, located near Tripunithura and 2 km east of Udayamperoor and 3 km west of Mulanthuruthy.
The famous Martha Mariam Church is housed here. Mulamthuruthy Marthoma Church is nearby.
The village is exemplary good for peaceful habitation for which many houses have come up.
Christians are in slight majority here. Hindus rank second and Muslims third.
Koothattukulam is located on the south-east corner of the district in the junction of three districts – Ernakulam, Kottayam, Idukki. The lifestyle and culture followed is of Kottayam.
The vocation of the village is agriculture. Produces churned out are mainly rubber, paddy, coconut, areca nut, ginger, turmeric and pepper.
Most of the inhabitants are of Christian faith. Hindus rank second and Muslims third with sparse representation.
A dozen or so churches serve Koothattukulam and around places. Hindus have their own shrines.
In ancient time Koothattukulam was ruled by four Brahmin families of Athimannu, Kottanadu, Kattimuttama and Pariyaram stationed in four different localities or territories. The territories at present are known as Koothattukulam, Vadakara, Paittkulam and Kizhakombu. Each territory has a colourful past to dive in. The legendary related to Koothattukulam territory rose from a story connected with a lady and an idol. A lady while digging in an isolated hillock hit on the head of a concealed idol by her implement. Blood started oozing from the hit spot and seeing it the lady got terrified. This led her to insane and wandering aimlessly from place to place. The places she wandered came to be known as “Koothattukalam’ which later softened to be pronounced as Koothattukulam. The blood oozed spot came to be known as Chorakuzhy (pond of blood).
Koothattukulam had been once annexed by Marthanda Varma Maharaja from the then rulers, the kings of Vadakumkoor. They had established weapons’ training center at Oonakkur, a remote area. Later, Oonakkur came to be known as “Payattukulam’ which further later softened to be pronounced as Paittukulam (the pond of fighting).
The story behind Kizhakombu is that some members of Keezhekombil family came down from Elanji and settled there. Later the place came to be known as Kizhakombu. The family was expert in taming and domesticating wild elephants.
The historian-cum-researcher, V V K Valath, has hinted in his book “Keralathile Stalacharithangal’ (history of places in Kerala) that cultural history of Koothattukulam dates back to Buddhism and Jainisam eras. In a sense history reflected in the name of Koothattukulam, suggesting a pond of ‘Kooth’ and ‘Aattom’, two ancient art forms of Kerala. The current generation of Koothattukulam too is en-living with the art and culture heritage generated by their ancestors.
The traces of quasi-judicial court, hospital, sub-registrar’s office, police station, post office, rest house, tourist bungalow, Devasom Board office, excise inspectorate etc akin to the present day establishments existed here even hundreds of years ago are there.
The influence of Buddhist-Jainist era is vividly reflected even on Christian churches, suggesting religious tolerance and acceptance of good value from any religion.
Mahadeva Temple, Onankunnukavu, Shiva Temple at Arjunanmala, Devi Temple at Kizhakombu and St John’s Syrian Jacobite Church at Vatakara are several centuries old. Shirdisai Temple open to communities is a shark example of religious give and take attitude even in no so civilized era.
Christian community of Koothattukulam separated into two groups following the historical ‘Koonan Kurizu’ pledge of 1564. One group made allegiance to ‘Puthen Koor’ (new allegiance) and the other group made allegiance to Pazhaya Koor’ (old allegiance). During the separation ruled years of over 125 years both the groups continued to worship and avail the services in a same church which is beyond imagination of the present generation. Later, a small church was built by ‘Pazhaya Koor’ faction in 1775 and shifted the worship to it. Later it was enhanced and rebuilt adopting Persian architectural style.
The Vatakara church built by the faithful from Vadakara in Malabar turned out to be historically famous. This church runs a high school, Vatakara High School, a Lower Primary School, and a Teachers’ Training School. Former President of India, late K R Narayanan, International Law Board Member, A T Markose, former Revenue Minister K T Jacob and former Minister T M Jacob are the products of the famed Vatakara High School to which students attracted even from far end places.
Holy Family Church, St Peter and Paul Church at Karamala, and St John’s Jacobite Church at Palakkuzha are prominent amongst a dozen churches in Koothattukulam.